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GARDENERS AND GATHERERS OF THE SOUTHWEST

Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years, 1 month ago

ThE GaRdEnErs AnD GaThErErs Of ThE

 

SoUtHWeSt

 

 

 Here is are powerpoint about the Gardeneres and Gatherers of the Southwest. There is also information at the bottom of the screen.

 

 

 

 

Southwest2.ppt 

 

Group members

 

  • NICOLE COWELL
  • SARA PEWETT
  • SKYE SIMON
  • BRITTANY TYNER

The Gardeners And Gatherers Of The Southwest

Cooking

The Pueblos cooking is creative and has a lot of color. 

They grow four colors of different corn

They grow twelve varieties of beans that range in color

They are peaceful farmers who labor to coax

The women use a lot of their vegetables to flavor their food and use carrots so that their flavor is faintly caramel.

 

Hopi

The Hopi are much like the Pueblos

They are known as the peaceful of all people

The Hopi girls are taught early to bake bread

And they believe that if the girls can not make piki they are not ready for marriage.

Society

In the Hopi society the men choose their wife. One of the rules that they must follow by is that you can not marry within the same clan. When the husband or wife were married the only time they would wear their wedding clothes would be when they are being buried in the sitting position with their head between their legs.

Clothing

Their clothes are much like the Navajo. They lived in warm climate so the women wore a blanket called a manta. The men wore loose pants and a loose shirt. In the winter everyone wore blankets made of rabbit skin. They also wore leggings and moccasins.

House hold rules

The women owned the homes. The uncle normally raised her children instead of the father. The father was in charge of raising his sisters kids and were responsible for the mothers home as well as the sisters.

religion

One of the biggest parts of the Hopi religion is the Kachina gods. The Kachina was the rain gods. They believe that one of the Kachina is a spider women. Who they believe wove the clouds. During the ceremonies the men dressed up as the Kachina and danced in the plazas.

Ceremonies

The snake ceremony is the most famous of all. Then men gathered Kiva and collect snakes. The men would wash the snakes. Then after this they prayed for four days. When they were done they came out with a snake in their mouth. Then they would dance with the snake in their mouth and release them as messengers to the rain gods.

poems

Hopi Indian Prayer

Housing

The Hopi and Pueblos live in Pueblos that are made of stone and mud. They are built at a high level. They had ladders leading to the upper level.

The kivas are underground and they use them for religious reasons. In this there is a fire pit in the middle of the floor.

Tools

Arrowheads, knives, scrapers, are made of cryptocrystalline rocks. They used these tools to process corn and seed.

Pottery jars and bowls were manufactured for cooking, storing food and water

Cotton and hides were used for clothing

Baskets made of reed and yucca fiber were used for both winnowing and carrying.

Common tool was bone awl for weaving baskets.

Alphabet

http://www.omniglot.com/writing/hopi.htm

Prayer

Translation

 

 

Sources

 www.omniglot.eom/writing/hopi.html

 

 www.cabq.gov/aes/s3pueblo.html

 

 www.languagemuseum.com/h/hopi/htm

 

www.inkido.indiana.edu/w310work/romac/hopi.html

 

 

 

 

Hopi

Sample- Translation Our father, which art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory for ever and ever.

 

 

Do not stand at my grave and weep.

  I am not there, I do not sleep.

I am a thousand winds that blow.

  I am the diamond glint on snow.

I am the sunlight on the ripened grain.

  I am the gentle Autumn's rain.

When you awaken in the morning hush,

  I am the swift uplifting rush

   of quiet birds in circled flight,

I am the soft stars that shine at night.

Do not stand at my grave and cry:

  I am not there, I did not die

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